Invention of the wheel
The wheel has been one of the most widespread used technologies to date, from our cars to our scooters, to our clocks, machines and our bikes, the wheel is still having a profound impact on our life today. But who invented it? And when was the wheel invented?
The value and importance of the wheel is almost to obvious to miss and can not be overrated enough. From the best that scientists can determine the wheel was first used for pottery. These ancient pottery wheels have been found dating back to around 4000 B.C. and were found in the region of Mesopotamia or current day Iraq.
The rolling wooden wheel was invented by the Sumerians of Mesopotamia and appeared around 3500 B.C.
The technology of the wheel soon spread across Europe and Asia. Around 4000 B.C. wheels started to appear in Europe and within the Indus Valey civilization. Around 3000 B.C the wheel appeared in current day India and Pakistan. In 1200 B.C. chariots appeared in China which means wheels must have been in the region before this time period.
Wheels using an axle connecting two wheels appeared around 2000 B.C. in Egypt. It must have been an impressive sight seeing the first chariot on wheels, being able to carry resources over large spans of land while standing upright.
The earliest depiction of a wheeled vehicle (wagon with four wheels, two axles) can be found on the Bronocice pot, a circa 3500 B.C. clay pot excavated in southern Poland.
What makes the invention of the wheel interesting is that the shape of the wheel only occurs in nature in the microscopic and universal scale, man’s use of the wheel could probably not have been in mimicry of nature but must have sprung from our own insights and imagination.